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Where Is Mandar Parvat The Mountain Associated With The Samudra Manthan

Hindu mythological texts and legends often reference historical events and locations that still exist today. One such place is the Mandhar Mountain, which is said to have been used by gods and demons to churn the ocean in search of the nectar of immortality. This mountain is believed to still exist in India.

Where is Mandhar Mountain?

Mandhar Mountain, also known as Mandarachal Mountain, is located in the Banka district, about 50 kilometers from Bhagalpur in Bihar. The peak of Mandhar stands 800 feet tall and holds significance not just in Hinduism but also in three major religions.

The Story of Ocean Churning

The story of the ocean churning for nectar, known as Samudra Manthan, is detailed in Hindu scriptures. According to legend, due to a curse by sage Durvasa, the gods lost their wealth and glory in heaven. Lord Vishnu advised them to churn the ocean along with the demons to obtain the nectar of immortality. This would make them immortal and restore their lost glory.

Vasuki's Marks on the Mountain

The Mandhar Mountain was used as the churning rod, and the serpent Vasuki served as the rope. The marks left by Vasuki can still be seen on the mountain. These grooves are a reminder of the serpent's grip during the churning process. It's said that hundreds of ponds once surrounded this area, some of which still exist today. Historically, this place was called Balisa Nagar, but now it is known as Bounsi.

The Role of Shiva

During the churning, a deadly poison named Halahala emerged first. To save the world, Lord Shiva drank the poison and held it in his throat, which turned blue as a result. The pot that contained the poison during the churning is still present on the mountain, at a place called Shankha Kundam.

The Lake Under the Mountain

After defeating the demons Madhu and Kaitabha, Lord Vishnu handed over Mandhar to the Aryans. This place eventually became a famous pilgrimage site known as Madhusudan Dham. The mountain itself is around 800 feet tall. Beneath it, on the eastern side, lies the Papaharini Lake. Historical accounts suggest that Queen Kon Devi, wife of Gupta ruler Raja Aditya Sen, built this lake in the 7th century after her husband recovered from a skin disease.