Classroom Testing Heaton Pdf
Classroom Testing Heaton Pdf
Classroom testing is a subject of interest and concern for many language teachers. How to design, administer, and evaluate tests that are valid, reliable, and fair is a challenge that requires both theoretical knowledge and practical skills. One of the books that aims to provide guidance and advice on this topic is Classroom Testing by John Brian Heaton, published by Longman in 1990.
Classroom Testing is part of the Longman Keys to Language Teaching series, which is intended for ordinary teachers who want to improve their teaching methods and techniques. The book covers various aspects of classroom testing, such as the purposes, types, formats, and criteria of tests, as well as the skills and strategies that can be tested. The book also includes many examples of tests that teachers can adapt and use in their own classrooms, as well as suggestions on how to conduct oral testing and continuous assessment.
The book consists of nine chapters, each focusing on a different topic related to classroom testing. The chapters are as follows:
Chapter 1: Introduction. This chapter provides an overview of the book and explains some basic concepts and terms related to testing.
Chapter 2: Why Test? This chapter discusses the reasons and objectives for testing students' language abilities, such as diagnosis, placement, achievement, proficiency, motivation, feedback, and evaluation.
Chapter 3: What to Test? This chapter explores the different components and domains of language competence that can be tested, such as grammar, vocabulary, pronunciation, listening, speaking, reading, writing, and communicative skills.
Chapter 4: How to Test? This chapter describes the various formats and types of test items that can be used to measure students' language performance, such as multiple-choice, true/false, matching, completion, transformation, short answer, essay, cloze, dictation, and oral tests.
Chapter 5: Testing Listening Skills. This chapter provides specific guidelines and examples on how to design and administer tests that assess students' listening comprehension skills.
Chapter 6: Testing Speaking Skills. This chapter offers practical advice and examples on how to conduct oral tests that evaluate students' speaking skills in terms of fluency, accuracy, appropriateness, and interaction.
Chapter 7: Testing Reading Skills. This chapter presents useful tips and examples on how to create and administer tests that measure students' reading skills in terms of comprehension, inference, analysis, and evaluation.
Chapter 8: Testing Writing Skills. This chapter gives helpful suggestions and examples on how to design and administer tests that assess students' writing skills in terms of content, organization, style, accuracy, and creativity.
Chapter 9: Continuous Assessment. This chapter explains the concept and benefits of continuous assessment, which is a form of testing that involves collecting information about students' progress and performance throughout a course or program. The chapter also provides examples of continuous assessment techniques such as portfolios, journals, self-evaluation, peer evaluation, observation, interviews, and projects.
The book concludes with a bibliography and an index. The book is written in a clear and accessible style that makes it easy to follow and understand. The book also contains many illustrations and tables that help to clarify the points and examples. The book is suitable for both novice and experienced teachers who want to learn more about classroom testing or improve their testing skills.
Classroom Testing by John Brian Heaton is available in PDF format online from various sources. One of them is Google Books, where you can preview some pages of the book. Another source is Open Library, where you can borrow the book for free if you have an account. You can also find more information about the book on Goodreads, where you can read reviews from other readers or write your own.